07 Nov Munkhzul Chimid-Ochir
Munkhzul Chimid-Ochir Officer, Green Development Policy Planning Department, Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia. Bachelor degree in integrated water resources management planning from the Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering in Russia. Master in Science and Technology from the Moscow State University and Master of Environmental Management from the Flinders University, South Australia. Australian Government Scholarship awardee at Flinders University during the period of 2017-2019. More than 13 years of experience working in water governance and international project management areas.
Challenges and opportunities for achieving the drinking water goal of the Mongolian Sustainable Development Vision (MSDV) 2030
Regular access to safe drinking water is a basic human right and crucial to human well-being and sustainable development, therefore, the subject is always an essential part of the global development agenda. For instance, the UNs adopted the ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’ in 2015 and its goal 6 and target 6.1 plan to attain universal coverage of safe and quality of water for all human beings by 2030. However, governments in most of the developing countries struggle to achieve these crucial goals due to widespread water-related problems. The Government of Mongolia (GoM) faces numerous encounters to reach a vital goal to advance the country’s sustainability. Through the MSDV 2030 policy document, the GoM aims to increase the percentage of the population that has access to safe drinking water at 90% by 2030. This analysis was made to highlight the underlying challenges and opportunities to achieve that goal. Mongolia’s current situation of drinking water access was evaluated based on the requirement as set out by the WHO. This research explores possible opportunities, for instance, investment options and their impact on the socio-economic and environmental development of the country. The research used the Threshold 21 (T21) Mongolia macroeconomic modeling which is the most extensive database that the GoM developed since 2012 with the support of the Millennium Institute of the United States and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research. The findings of this research using the T21 Mongolia model affirm the link between the drinking water supply and sustainable development issues. The fundamental challenges are consistent with the literature, but more rigorous efforts are expected from the Government to reach the MSDV 2030 drinking water goal. Such efforts will offer integral and very positive benefits to the socio-economic and environmental development of the country.