01 Nov Zhang Shuang
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchNational Research Center for Sustainable DevelopmentMajor：Water resource /water environment management policy
Education: Ph.D. of China Agricultural University, Sept 2009 – Dec 2012
China Agricultural University Master/Bachelor of Henan University of Economy and Law, Sept 2002 – June 2009
China’s water pollution control and water resources protection are facing a serious situation with the continuous improvement of economic growth and industrialization. In the past, the environmental management measures in China’s watersheds had the problem of management fragmentation, inter-agency coordination failure and fuzzy responsibility boundary. In order to cope with the urban water supply crisis caused by the blue algae outbreak in Taihu Lake, Wuxi City of Jiangsu Province took the lead in implementing the River Governor System in the water pollution control of Taihu basin in 2007. The principal responsible persons of the government at all levels served as the river governor of important rivers in their jurisdiction, who were responsible for water environment, water resource management and protection of river/water source. The River Governor System is considered to be the main innovative model of the water environment administration for the severe water pollution situation in China, and is promoted throughout the country because it has improved the problems of the previous system and achieved good result in water pollution control. This article summarizes the River Governance System model and the effects from plan formulation, organization form, assessment mechanism, implementation measures, and the performance in China’s practice. The author evaluates the effects of the River Governor System from the improvement of water quality, river basin environment, coordinating mechanism, long-term management and social participation in the ecological management of the river basin, and discusses the main problems from implementing the system. Finally, the author puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions.